Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan: After integration of three centrally-sponsored schemes — Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE), the Narendra Modi-led NDA government, under the Samagra Shiksha scheme will upgrade secondary schools (till 10th class) to senior secondary (till 12th class) schools. The scheme envisages school education as a continuum from pre-school to senior secondary level.
Earlier, the government had subsumed Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE) under Samagra Shiksha with effect from 2018-19.
According to a government statement, during 2018-19, 44 schools have been upgraded under Samagra Shiksha scheme from secondary to senior secondary level. Besides that, based on the appraisal of the proposals received from the states/UTs, additional subjects have been approved in 851 senior secondary schools.
The objectives of the scheme are enhancing learning outcomes of students, ensuring minimum standards in schooling provision, bridging social and gender gaps in school education, and providing support to states in implementation of RTE Act, 2009, it said.
Under the scheme, the government said it aims to strengthen the teacher education institutions so that quality educations can be reached to all. In the budget 2019-20, Finance Minister Piyush Goyal has allotted Rs 36322 crore to Samagra Shiksha, which is a 12.77 percent increase over the previous year. Besides that, the government has also allotted Rs 50 crore for Appointment of Language Teachers.
The government is giving emphasis on digitisation of schools. The government has introduced ICT in Education Curriculum for school system, e-pathshala, National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER), SWAYAM, and SWAYAM PRABHA, among other schemes.